Что такое мука?

В основе хлеба – измельченные злаки. Продукт, который получается в результате перемола злаков до порошкообразного состояния, называется «мука».

Для изготовления муки используются  различные культуры – пшеница, рожь, ячмень, овес, горох, рис, гречка, соя, кукуруза.    В зависимости от использованных злаков определяют вид муки. Можно получать размол разных культур, и тогда мука будет носить «смешанное» название,  например, ржа но-пшеничная.

Мука может иметь разное целевое предназначение, и соответственно, различные характеристики. Для хлебопечения используется мука из мягких сортов пшеницы с высокой клейковиной.  Также для изготовления хлеба пригодна ржаная мука. Из твердых сортов пшеницы с высокой стекловидностью изготавливают муку для производства макарон. Мука из других видов злаков применяется для изготовления специфической продукции – блинов, лепешек, особых видов макарон и многого другого.

Пшеничная хлебопекарная мука классифицируется по сортам.  Сорт – это показатель, связанный с выходом муки, то есть тем количеством, которое можно получить из 100 гр зерна.

Каждый сорт муки имеет свои характеристики. Именно по ним хлебопеки определяют, для какого вида хлеба подойдет та или иная мука.

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